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Combinatorial alternative to wave function, Research program fivesome, Kim Zeng trees, Moments These are my notes for the Kim Zeng involution The Linearization formula {$\mathcal{L}(P_n(x)^2)=n!(c)_n(\alpha\beta)^n$} where {$(c)_n$} is the rising factorial Combinatorially, Kim and Zeng's formula for linearization coefficients yields {$\mathcal{L}(P_n(x)^2)=(\alpha\beta)^n\sum_{\sigma\in\mathcal{D}_{(n,n)}}c^{\textrm{cyc}\;\sigma} $} {$\sum_{\sigma\in\mathcal{D}_{(n,n)}}c^{\textrm{cyc}\;\sigma}=n!(c)_n$} For example, if we define our generalized derangements on the odds {$\{1,3,5,7,\dots\}$} and the evens {$\{a,b,c,d,\dots\}$}, and consider all permutations of the evens, we have:
If {$c=1$}, then we get {$n!n!$} terms. In other words, {$(1)_n=n!$} Moments The formula can be interpreted by calculating the moments {$\mathcal{L}(x^n)$}. {$\mathcal{L}(x^n)=\sum_{\sigma\in S_n} (\alpha)^{\textrm{asc}\;\sigma} (\beta)^{\textrm{desc}\;\sigma} f^{\textrm{fix}\;\sigma} c^{\textrm{cyc}\;\sigma} $} For {$A_{(n,n)}$}, skew derangements and generalized derangements are the same Any generalized derangement without color matches is a skew derangement. Note that in the case of {$A_{(n,n)}$} there are no double ascents (and no double descents) and so there are no color matches. A skew derangement is a permutation {$\pi$} of {$A_{(n,n}$} that has no color matches, and for which if {$c(a)=c(\pi(a))$}, then {$c(\pi^{1}(a))\neq c(a)$}, {$c(\pi(a))\neq c(\pi^2(a))$} and the smaller of {$\{a,\pi(a)\}$} is a valley and the larger is a peak. But this case supposes that there are three colors: {$c(\pi^{1}(a)) > c(a)=c(\pi(a)) > c(\pi^2(a))$} and {$a <\pi(a)$} or {$c(\pi^{1}(a)) < c(a)=c(\pi(a)) < c(\pi^2(a))$} and {$a > \pi(a)$} Consequently, since we have two colors, then we simply have that {$c(a)\neq c(\pi(a))$} for all {$a\in (n,n)$}, which means that the skew derangements of {$A_{(n,n)}$} are the generalized derangements of {$A_{(n,n)}$}. Causal trees Lgraphs 